20th – 24th June, 2018
From 20th to 24th of June, a training organized by the CDNEE (Cooperation and Development Network Eastern Europe) took place in Tirana. Around 20 participants coming from Bulgaria, Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia gathered during four days to reflect about how to reclaim public spaces with focus on areas of social and cultural interaction.
That first part of the training was purely theoretical: the objective was to create a local action plan in a city of the country we came from, & to learn the different steps in order to develop it.
The second part of the training, the practical implementation of the projects, will take place in September-October.
You can find more information about the CDN and their activities here.
→ How to implement a local urban action in a public space?
1ST STEP: PROBLEM AND SOLUTION TREE
- Problem tree: Think of a problem present in a public space of your city/region/country and try to understand where it comes from :
Example: In Tirana, the streets and public spaces are not developed for people with physical disability (blind, wheel chairs, etc.)
→ WHY? Because they are not represented by any NGO or political party (1)
→ WHY? Because they are not numerous and we notice a lack of consideration for that population (2)
→ WHY? Because of stereotypes: they are seen as not useful and inefficient people, only people who need help (3)
→ WHY? Because they don’t have the possibility to express themselves (4)
→ WHY? – Because cities aren’t developed enough to give them access to several places
– Because they aren’t represented
2. Solution tree : Try to find a solution for each problem listed
- Create a local NGO to support them and give them a voice (1) (4)
- Information campaign with and for citizens to get them sensitive to that issue (2) (3)
- Create an event involving people with and people without disabilities to gather citizens around that problem
⇒ Public spaces as areas of social and cultural interactions: for one problem, 3 local actions can be engaged in public space.
2ND STEP: POSITIVE ALTERNATIVE URBAN INITIATIVES IN THE REGION
Helped by the problem and solution trees, focus on a local action you want to develop. In order to find inspiration and get organized, you can already think about one urban initiative/intervention and explain why you liked/disliked it responding to those questions:
- What was its aim?
- Who did it involve? Who organized it?
- Who were the target group?
- What were its results?
- What resources did it need?
- How long did it last?
- Why is this practice good/bad?
- What impact did it have on the improvement of public spaces?
3RD STEP: PEEST ANALISIS OF THE REGION
Political (/legal) – Economic – Environmental – Social – Technical (/Technological)
Listing the challenges you could face to reach your goal and which impact it could have on the result of your project.
4TH STEP: DEFINING TARGET
- Who is the target?
What influence does it have on the goal?
Who would the target listen to?
Who can change the target’s mind?
2. Do the stakeholder(s) use the internet/social media? If yes, then which one(s)?
What do they do in their spare time?
How can we communicate with them?
What would attract them?
What do they burn for?
→ Here is what is called a spectrum of allies:
- Sort the stakeholders in each group (allies + adversaries)
- Act so that they all become active allies (from right to left)
5TH STEP: BUDGET AND TIMELINE
- Organize as precisely as possible a timeline (what are the different steps to reach the goal? how many time for each step? which day? etc.)
- Determine a budget for each expenditure of each step (transports, spplies, communication, places, translation, promotion, etc.)